Timor Island is rocky, steep and mountainous; most of the land is covered by grasses and dry savanna. This condition is suitable for Sandalwood trees, which caused this Island to be well known.
Interesting aspects of this island exquisite traditional "Ikat" weaving, traditional elliptical grass roof houses, mixed tribes from all over Nusa Tenggara Islands (Savunese, Sumbanese, Bimanese, Florenese etc.) and others races (Chinese, Arabs, Makasarese, Bugines etc.) and unique music instrument of the Rottenness called "Sasando" made from lontar leaves.